Potatoes have been in existence for around 10,000 years or even more.
The birthplace of it is believed to be in areas around Chile and Peru.
In the 16th century, potatoes was introduced to Europe and other parts
of the world.
The potato belongs to the Solanaceae family. It is botanically termed as
Solanum tuberosum. There are various varieties of potatoes and it is
considered as the fourth largest crop of the world.
There are several health benefits of potatoes and this is the reason it
is consumed in such a large scale.
Potato is a tuberous root vegetable which is starchy and high in many
essential minerals and vitamins. It is low in fat and is good source of
carbohydrates. Potatoes contain vitamins like Thiamine, Riboflavin,
Niacin, and vitamin B6. It also has a high content of vitamin C.
The main health benefits of potatoes, is the amount of Vitamin B and
Vitamin C. Vitamin B is important for maintenance of the nervous system,
cell structure and cardiovascular health. Vitamin C works as an
antioxidants which help the body prevent colds and influenza. Vitamin C
also helps in free radical maintenance.
Potatoes are an easily digested and is good for people who have gluten
issues. It contains 9 essential varieties of amino acids, which are
required by the body. Potatoes also contributes to the daily intake of
protein. Potatoes help in minimizing the risk of heart disease, diabetes
and obesity. Beta carotene which is found in potatoes help fight against
free radicals which causes cancer. Blood purification and lowering of
blood pressure is also a benefit of potatoes. As they have high amount
of dietary fiber, the risk of constipation is lowered.